High Pressure for Energy Security

11:18:14 AM | 3/9/2019

Energy demand for economic growth and social security is increasing, putting pressure on the energy sector. The difficulties in providing raw materials, mobilizing investment capital, and slow progress of building projects are challenges for the energy sector.

Great increase in demand for energy

Energy and energy security are always top concerns of the Government. According to the national electricity development plan for the period of 2011-2020 and 2030 approved by the Prime Minister, from now to 2030, energy must meet the electricity demand for socio-economic development objectives of the country with an average GDP growth of about 7.0%/year. With this scenario, the energy demand for 2020 must reach 235 billion kWh of electricity; by 2025 and 2035, it will need 352 billion kWh and 506 billion kWh of electricity respectively.

Since 2015, Vietnam has moved from an exporter of energy to being increasingly dependent on imported energy resources. Renewable energy sources have high prices and many technical barriers in development and operation.

The growth rate of national electricity demand in the coming period will be significantly reduced, compared to the previous time, but still at a very high level compared to other countries in the world, with 10.6% per year ( in the period of 2016 - 2020), 8.5%/year (2021-2025) and 7.5%/year (2026 - 2030).

Up to now, Vietnam electricity system has about 54,000MW of electricity, including renewable energy such as a wind power and new solar system. To meet the electricity demand of 2020, about 60,000MW of power capacity is needed, and by 2030, it needs 130,000MW of power capacity.

Although the demand for energy consumption has increased, experts believe that Vietnam's energy consumption is only about 30-35% and electricity consumption is only about 60% of the world average. Strategically, the sustainable use and energy efficiency are the ones requiring special attention.

Solution for energy security

Representatives of Vietnam Automation Association said that the traditional energy sources of Vietnam had gradually become exhausted, and the country currently had to import a lot of coal and would soon have to import liquefied petroleum gas.

Meanwhile, there are many problems with current thermal power sources as the residents in various areas oppose thermal power projects, because they believe that coal power plants cause environmental pollution. Hydropower also runs out of power for medium and large capacity projects, so there are only a few small hydropower projects. Although the renewable energy source is rich and there are many solar and wind power projects, the efficiency is very low and unstable when the power load still cannot rely on this energy source.

Vietnam Automation Association proposed the construction and development of nuclear power because Vietnam is currently leading in ASEAN in this technology.

On the enterprise side, Vietnam Electricity (EVN) has issued an energy audit process for various types of power plants to unify the measurement, documenting, evaluation and implementation of energy saving measures in power plants. On the other hand, EVN also cooperates with state management agencies to encourage and promote investment in creating solar roof power and renewable energy in local areas in order to supplement the energy source for the national electricity system.

In addition to the basic solutions to save energy such as technology change, good equipment investment, investment in inverter for large engines with variable load. Hoa Phat Group also uses some new solutions to save energy such as using cold-coil dehumidification technology before entering blast furnace, using hot air COKE-fired heating furnace in running turbine generator.

In order to continue the successful results of the National Target Program on Economical and Efficient Use of Energy Phase 1 and Phase 2, as well as providing a long-term plan and strategy with clear direction for the economical and efficient use of energy in Vietnam, the Ministry of Industry and Trade has developed a "National program on economical and efficient use of energy in the period of 2019 - 2030".

In March 2019, the Prime Minister approved the National program, which has set a target of achieving energy savings of 5 - 7% of total consumption of national energy in the period of 2019-2025 and from 8-10% in the period of 2019 - 2030.

Huong Ly