Economic Sector

Last updated: Thursday, April 18, 2019


Cooperation for Quality Vocational Training for Vietnam’s Logistics Industry

Posted: Thursday, August 23, 2018

Two memorandums of understanding on vocational education and training (VET) cooperation were signed on August 14 between Vietnam’s Directorate of Vocational Education and Training (DVET) and Vietnam Logistics Association (VLA), and between Vietnamese logistics enterprises and VET providers, with the assistance of the Australian government via the Aus4Skills.

The cooperation agreements were part of the implementation process of MOLISA promoting connectivity between schools, universities and enterprises in training and using labour; and building cooperative mechanism between schools, universities and enterprises in logistics services, implemented by the General Department of Vocational Education and Aus4Skills. These efforts aimed at realising the objective of enhancing the quality of skilled human resources in logistics service under Decision 200/QD-TTg by the Government approving the Action Plan on enhancing competitiveness and developing logistics service of Vietnam by 2025.

Speaking at the opening ceremony, Dr Truong Anh Dung, Deputy General Director of the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training (DVET) spoke highly of the lessons learned in developing the vocational education model with the guidance of the Australian enterprises. According to Dr Dung, the increase of enterprises involvement in vocational education is one of the effective resolutions to enhance vocational education quality in Vietnam. Besides, the piloting activity of vocational education with the involvement of enterprises in logistics services would be a good model for other industries in the future.

Mr Vo Tan Thanh, Vice President of Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI), Director of VCCI - HCM, said that the model of vocational training with the participation of enterprises had been applied widely and effectively in many developed countries such as Australia, Norway, Germany. The establishment of the Logistics Training Advisory Board in Vietnam, learning from the Australian model, was expected to help the training of human resources in the logistics services be more standardised and effective. "Logistics is an interdisciplinary industry, affecting many socio-economic sectors, therefore, improving the quality of human resources for the industry will contribute significantly not only to the development of logistics enterprises but also to the enhancement of competitiveness of the Vietnamese market in general, " Mr Thanh emphasised.

According to VLA Chairman Le Duy Hiep, the signing of the cooperation agreements represented the commitment of the VLA in strengthening the connectivity between the VLA member enterprises and vocational education institutions to improve quality of logistics services, forming a coordination mechanism for the two sides to participate in vocational education in an effective and sustainable way.

From the training perspective, Dr Nguyen Thi Hang, Rector of College of Technology II said that the main content of the cooperation agreement between the college and the Vietnam Aviation and Logistics School focused on joint training human resources for the logistics industry in a number of key areas. In particular, the College of Technology II was responsible for the preparation of legal training, training contents, basic subjects, theory as well as coordination with enterprises to set up training programmes. Vietnam Aviation & Logistics School, on the other hand, would actively connect with IPs and EPZs, especially ports related to human resources in logistics services.

On behalf of the participating enterprises, Mr Vo Hoang Giang, General Director of Saigon Port Joint Stock Company said that the Company was very happy to be involved in vocational training. "The close cooperation between enterprises and schools and universities will help to save costs for enterprises and meet the demand for high quality labour in Vietnam's logistics industry," Mr Giang said.

Linking Vocational Training with Enterprises: Superior Model

As confirmed by professionals, vocational training institutions, enterprises participating in the signing ceremony, the model of vocational education with the guidance of enterprises was currently one of the best solutions in vocational training in Vietnam and being piloted in the transports & logistics industry. Regarding this issue, the Vietnam Business Forum had an interview with Dr Truong Anh Dung, the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training (DVET). My Chau reports.

Could you please share your views on the model of the vocational education with guidance of enterprises in transports and logistics services?
As a state management agency on vocational education, the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training has taken measures to improve the quality of vocational education and one of the breakthrough solutions is to link vocational education with businesses in the labour market. To do so, the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training has coordinated with the Aus4Skills Programme to develop a mechanism to enhance the participation of enterprises in the field of vocational education. As we all know, Australia is one of the leading nations in the development of vocational education systems led by enterprises. This model is very important not only to Australia but also to Vietnam as we are entering the 4.0 Industrial Revolution. The development of this revolution requires strong changes in vocational education to improve the quality of training and meet the demand for high quality human resources for Vietnam at present as well as in the future.

The cooperation between the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training and the Aus4Skills Programme focuses on implementing a pilot training model linked with enterprises, like the Australian model of education, with the introduction of the Logistics Training Advisory Board. Since the new model has been in operation for the past one year, it is still in its early stages to fully assess its effectiveness. However, initially, with the support of Australian experts, the consultancy from relevant government agencies; the active involvement of the VLA; especially the efforts of the members of the Advisory Board, many initial activities have been implemented and achieved very encouraging results. Typically, we have developed sets of vocational skills standards with the participation of enterprises and training institutions; sending teachers to both in the country as well as abroad to get trained. We are also working to develop a pilot training programme for a number of Australian-modelled logistics sectors to link the schools and universities to the business. Obviously, the participation of enterprises from the stage of building standards and the training program, training connection will help increase the effectiveness of training and reduce the costs of many stakeholders including the State, schools, businesses, students and the whole society.

We expects that the introduction of the vocational education model with the guidance of enterprises in Vietnam will help us grasp the actual human resource needs that logistics companies are in need of both in terms of quantity, industry structure and level of training so that we will have an appropriate direction of supply.

What do we need to do to replicate this superior education model in the future?
It can be said that the rights and responsibilities of training institutions as well as enterprises involved in vocational education have been specified in the Law on Vocational Education. The most important thing is to have good communication work, mobilising businesses as well as training institutions to promote their rights and their responsibility. For example, the issue of providing information on training and education of enterprises is now stipulated in the Law but not all enterprises are ready to execute. Therefore, it is important to promote communication and, introduce pilot models similar to the training model led by enterprises in the logistics industry so that we can evaluate and multiply the model.

As for the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training, we are planning to introduce the Sector Skills Council in the field of hotel tourism, similar to the logistics industry. This will be applied in some other key economic sectors.

Thank you very much!

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