Improving Efficiency of Energy Saving Policies

5:10:28 PM | 10/2/2014

As forecast, by 2050, energy demand in Vietnam will increase 15 times. Without applying urgent policies for sustainable energy development, Vietnam may be at risk of energy shortages. This issue was discussed at the workshop "energy efficiency and the government's policies for businesses". The event is part of the international conference and exhibition "Xperience Energy Efficiency 2014 - XEE 2014" held recently in Hanoi.
At the workshop, Cu Huy Quang, the official of the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Office (EECO) under the Ministry of Industry and Trade, said the intensity of energy use of Vietnam is higher than that in the region and in the world. This situation significantly affects the selling price of products, reducing the competitiveness of goods on the market and putting pressure on government agencies in the management and use of energy.
According to Nguyen Khac Tho, Deputy Director of the General Department of Energy under the Ministry of Industry and Trade, although Vietnam is an energy exporter, it is forecast to import more coal to serve the country's development. The issue of the energy depletion in general and electricity in particular are threats for not only businesses and people, but also the economy of the country. Therefore, the efficient use of the energy is one of the important contents of the national strategy for sustainable energy development, because it is closely related to economic development, energy security and environmental protection.
Vietnam needs a smarter approach to help businesses and people, especially in urban areas, build up a good energy management model.
In recent years, the government has implemented various programmes to raise awareness among people and businesses about the need for rational use of energy resources, as well as adopt conservation measures in the production, transmission and use of the electricity. Energy savings programmes have been efficiently implemented since the Law on Energy Efficiency and Conservation (Law 50/2010/ QH12) and related Circulars were enacted. This has resulted in positive achievements. The number of businesses seeking new solutions for energy management and sustainable development has increased remarkably; many large enterprises are applying many solutions and achieving good results.
There are 7 groups that are participating in the Law on the energy saving and efficiency. The groups include industrial production, transportation, agricultural production, household services, construction, public lighting, state- budgeted entities, and facilities and equipment to use energy.
Besides a lot of related legal documents include Decision 1427/ QD-TTg (dated 10.02.2012) and the national program on energy use and savings, Circular 64/2011/TT-BGTVT (dated 26/12/2011), the regulations on the measures on the energy savings and use in the operation of transportation, and Circular 15/2013 / TT-BXD dated 26 September 2013 to promulgate the national technical standards of the works for efficient use of the energy.
Additionally, the energy labelling programmes also contribute to improving energy saving and efficiency. The object of the labelling programmes include the home appliances group (o.e. straight tube fluorescent lamps, compact fluorescent lamps, magnetic ballasts and electronic fluorescent lights, air conditioners, refrigerators, washing machines and rice cookers), office and commercial equipment (i.e. photocopying, computer monitors, printers, and commercial refrigeration cabinets), industrial equipment (three phase distribution transformers and electric motors), means of the transportation and other equipment.
Regarding the handling of administrative violations in energy management, the experts give some penalties to violators including administrative fines, fines for the leaders of energy-use organisations that do not fully comply with the contents of the management models for key energy use facilities. The organisation is forced to comply with the technical standards, management practices and technology use of energy saving and efficiency as prescribed.
However, according to the speakers at the seminar, the successful implementation of the national strategic plan for the sustainable energy development in order to achieve savings of the 5 percent- 8 percent of the total national energy consumption by 2015, will require big efforts and strong collaboration and determination among the Prime Minister, the ministries and departments concerned, leaders at all levels, the businesses and the entire population. The action plans and strategies of the businesses and organisations should be linked to the energy consumption in the production, trade and services of all activities in the community. Nguyen Khac Tho emphasized that everyone plays an active role in the use of the energy savings and efficiency. Cooperation between state-owned management agencies, energy experts and the business community is really important to the successful implementation of the national strategy for sustainable energy development.
Thu Ha