Increasing Income for Rural People

10:14:11 AM | 3/12/2021

Developing production and raising people's income to be sustainable and climate-resilient, and tapping local advantages are the goals of the New Model Agricultural Development Program designed to speed up poverty reduction in Vietnam.

At the review conference on the 2-year pilot implementation of new model rural district construction, Mr. Nguyen Xuan Cuong, Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, said the region-based pilot helped define locally distinctive advantages for production development to develop rural production and economy, build synchronous infrastructure, and ensure environment, security and income for farmers. Districts focused on tapping their advantages and strengths together with tourism development to scale up the program to other localities.

Based on the 2-year results plus survey in some more localities, in the coming time, the Steering Committee will have solutions to make it possible for more communes and districts to meet new countryside standards by tapping their strengths. This program is expected to help build a civilized rural area with rich national identity, develop modern agriculture with value chains, and utilize local advantages to improve people’s livelihoods.

Mr. Nguyen Minh Tien, Director of the Central Coordination Office of New Rural Development, said localities are actively implementing new rural development projects with specific plans and roadmaps and developing locally adapted criteria for model districts. Depending on their own characteristics, four districts in four provinces piloted new models of model rural areas. Specifically, Nam Dan district has developed the new model countryside based on “culture and tourism development”; Hai Hau district with the “bright, green, clean and beautiful model for sustainable development”; Don Duong district with the “high-tech smart agriculture”; and Xuan Loc district with the “sustainable commercial agricultural production” model.

Despite difficulty in achieving rural development criteria, higher income among rural people and lower poverty rates are the most obvious results. Specifically, in 2019, per capita income reached VND46 million in Nam Dan district, VND58.3 million in Hai Hau district, VND66.7 million in Don Duong district, and VND61.6. million in Xuan Loc district, all significantly higher than the country’s per capita GDP of VND40.5 million. Compared with that in 2016, three districts witnessed a nearly 1.3-fold increase (Nam Dan, Don Duong and Xuan Loc) and one district by 1.7 times (Hai Hau). Also in the past two years, the poverty rate decreased rapidly. In 2019, it slid to 1.46% in Nam Dan, 0.05% in Hai Hau, and 0.99% in Don Duong. In particular, Xuan Loc district had no poor households since 2018 and had only 434 socially protected poor households, accounting for 0.8%, Mr. Tien said.

Mr. Tien added that in the 2021-2025 period, districts should continue to effectively implement the approved and reviewed projects matching local criteria with following solutions:

Firstly, further informing and raising awareness of rural officials and residents, improving the quality of emulation movements for new rural construction, with focus placed on people’s roles in new countryside construction, bringing clearer positive changes to each village and household and their livelihoods;

Secondly, directing localities to further review the goals set for the 2016-2020 period to complete and exceed the targets assigned by the Prime Minister in the 2016-2020 period;

Thirdly, further improving the legal framework, mechanisms and policies on new rural development support, and reviewing, updating and issuing national criteria for a new countryside development suitable for each stage;

Fourthly, enhancing effective solutions to engage in the Program, integrating and unifying investment and support mechanisms in the same area according to the investment and financial mechanism of the National Target Program on New Rural Development; mobilizing maximum local resources to implement the Program; and mobilizing enterprises to invest in effective projects;

Fifthly, enhancing international integration and cooperation, taking advantage of ODA capital and loans from international financial institutions and international development partners to increase resources for new rural development;

And finally, promoting and improving the quality of monitoring and assessing the program, with a focus placed on strict management and use of resources for the Program.

Source: Vietnam Business Forum