Nghe An Agriculture Restructuring for Sustainable Development

3:34:03 PM | 21/2/2019

In addition to certain successes in new countryside construction, agricultural restructuring and technological application to production has helped the agricultural sector of Nghe An province to achieve remarkable development. Vietnam Business Forum has an interview with Mr. Hoang Nghia Hieu, Director of the Nghe An Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, on this sector’s development solutions. Ha Thanh - Ngo San report.

Could you please briefly introduce agricultural development in Nghe An province in 2018?
Good crops boosted production growth to 5.09% in 2018, higher than the target of 4.0 - 4.5%. The agricultural structure continued to change towards a better pattern, with agriculture, forestry and fishery accounting for 77.71%, 7.71% and 14.58%, respectively, at the end of 2018. The share of livestock farming in agriculture exceeded 47.7%.

Carried out across the province, the new countryside construction movement achieved many important results. In 2018, up to 37 communes met new countryside standards, 37% higher than the target of 27 communes, bringing certified communes to 218, accounting for 50.58% of 431 all communes in the province. On average, a commune fulfilled 15.16 new countryside criteria, 0.80 criteria more than in 2017. Three district-level units (Thai Hoa Town, Vinh City and Nam Dan District), four communes in very poor districts (Thach Giam, Tam Thai and Tam Quang communes in Tuong Duong district; Chau Tien commune in Quy Chau district), and 97 villages were recognized as new rural areas. During new countryside construction process, many lessons and experiences have been drawn while many good and creative practices have been scaled up.

At present, the province has over 20,531 ha of high-tech agricultural production area, accounting for 6.8% of the total agricultural production land area (302,013 ha), over 830 ha of high-tech aquaculture. Nghe An has over 67,000 cows, 35,000 pigs and 196,000 fowls reared by high-tech processes. Many economic models have higher incomes such as Vinh orange, TH milk, passion fruit and organic vegetables. The province actively started the cooperation program for high-tech agricultural production development with Lam Dong province.

To have sustainable agriculture with a stable output and profits for farmers, what solutions have you adopted?
In order to achieve the above objectives, the province first of all necessarily plans production, from proposing planning orientation to guiding planning implementation. Over the past time, the agricultural sector has advised the Provincial People’s Committee to work out agricultural development plans like agricultural production development planning, fishery development planning, coastal aquaculture planning and forestry development planning. During implementation process, these plans, approved by the Provincial People’s Committee, have been reviewed and supplemented to match actual development. It also consulted and proposed agricultural production and rural development programs and solutions like building appropriate mechanisms, policies and solutions for scientific and technological transfer.

To have output markets and create added value for agricultural products, how has the province focused on attracting processing projects?
Agriculture is a strength of Nghe An province. Therefore, the processing industry has been cared for strong development in the past time. Up to now, the province has many sustainable high-tech and organic agricultural investment projects, such as cow feed production cooperation project in Thai Hoa, Nghia Dan invested by TH Milk Food Joint Stock Company and Vietnam Dairy Products Joint Stock Company (Vinamilk); a joint sugarcane production project for three sugar refiners; a joint cassava production project for three starch processing factories; a joint input production project for two fruit and vegetable processing plants; a joint tea production project and a joint Vinh orange production and consumption project, covering over 80,000 ha, accounting for over 26% of agricultural land. These projects ensure output consumption for farmers. Particularly, a joint input production project for two MDF processing plants covers over 75,000 ha, accounting for about 27% of the planned area of ​​commercial forest development. In the coming time, the province will continue to call for investment projects for processing agricultural, forestry and aquatic products to consume products made by farmers and raise the value of agricultural products as well as incomes for farmers.

Thank you very much!